Unirest for PHP Build Status version

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Unirest is a set of lightweight HTTP libraries available in multiple languages, built and maintained by Mashape, who also maintain the open-source API Gateway Kong.

Features

Requirements

Installation

Using Composer

To install unirest-php with Composer, just add the following to your composer.json file:

{
    "require-dev": {
        "mashape/unirest-php": "3.*"
    }
}

or by running the following command:

composer require mashape/unirest-php

This will get you the latest version of the reporter and install it. If you do want the master, untagged, version you may use the command below:

composer require mashape/php-test-reporter dev-master

Composer installs autoloader at ./vendor/autoloader.php. to include the library in your script, add:

require_once 'vendor/autoload.php';

If you use Symfony2, autoloader has to be detected automatically.

You can see this library on Packagist.

Install from source

Download the PHP library from Github, then include Unirest.php in your script:

git clone git@github.com:Mashape/unirest-php.git 
require_once '/path/to/unirest-php/src/Unirest.php';

Usage

Creating a Request

So you're probably wondering how using Unirest makes creating requests in PHP easier, let's look at a working example:

$headers = array('Accept' => 'application/json');
$query = array('foo' => 'hello', 'bar' => 'world');

$response = Unirest\Request::post('http://mockbin.com/request', $headers, $query);

$response->code;        // HTTP Status code
$response->headers;     // Headers
$response->body;        // Parsed body
$response->raw_body;    // Unparsed body

JSON Requests (application/json)

A JSON Request can be constructed using the Unirest\Request\Body::Json helper:

$headers = array('Accept' => 'application/json');
$data = array('name' => 'ahmad', 'company' => 'mashape');

$body = Unirest\Request\Body::json($data);

$response = Unirest\Request::post('http://mockbin.com/request', $headers, $body);

Notes:

Form Requests (application/x-www-form-urlencoded)

A typical Form Request can be constructed using the Unirest\Request\Body::Form helper:

$headers = array('Accept' => 'application/json');
$data = array('name' => 'ahmad', 'company' => 'mashape');

$body = Unirest\Request\Body::form($data);

$response = Unirest\Request::post('http://mockbin.com/request', $headers, $body);

Notes:

Multipart Requests (multipart/form-data)

A Multipart Request can be constructed using the Unirest\Request\Body::Multipart helper:

$headers = array('Accept' => 'application/json');
$data = array('name' => 'ahmad', 'company' => 'mashape');

$body = Unirest\Request\Body::multipart($data);

$response = Unirest\Request::post('http://mockbin.com/request', $headers, $body);

Notes:

Multipart File Upload

simply add an array of files as the second argument to to the Multipart helper:

$headers = array('Accept' => 'application/json');
$data = array('name' => 'ahmad', 'company' => 'mashape');
$files = array('bio' => '/path/to/bio.txt', 'avatar' => '/path/to/avatar.jpg');

$body = Unirest\Request\Body::multipart($data, $files);

$response = Unirest\Request::post('http://mockbin.com/request', $headers, $body);

If you wish to further customize the properties of files uploaded you can do so with the Unirest\Request\Body::File helper:

$headers = array('Accept' => 'application/json');
$body = array(
    'name' => 'ahmad', 
    'company' => 'mashape'
    'bio' => Unirest\Request\Body::file('/path/to/bio.txt', 'text/plain'),
    'avatar' => Unirest\Request\Body::file('/path/to/my_avatar.jpg', 'text/plain', 'avatar.jpg')
);

$response = Unirest\Request::post('http://mockbin.com/request', $headers, $body);

Note: we did not use the Unirest\Request\Body::multipart helper in this example, it is not needed when manually adding files.

Custom Body

Sending a custom body such rather than using the Unirest\Request\Body helpers is also possible, for example, using a serialize body string with a custom Content-Type:

$headers = array('Accept' => 'application/json', 'Content-Type' => 'application/x-php-serialized');
$body = serialize((array('foo' => 'hello', 'bar' => 'world'));

$response = Unirest\Request::post('http://mockbin.com/request', $headers, $body);

Authentication

First, if you are using Mashape:

// Mashape auth
Unirest\Request::setMashapeKey('<mashape_key>');

Otherwise, passing a username, password (optional), defaults to Basic Authentication:

// basic auth
Unirest\Request::auth('username', 'password');

The third parameter, which is a bitmask, will Unirest which HTTP authentication method(s) you want it to use for your proxy authentication.

If more than one bit is set, Unirest (at PHP's libcurl level) will first query the site to see what authentication methods it supports and then pick the best one you allow it to use. For some methods, this will induce an extra network round-trip.

Supported Methods

Method Description
CURLAUTH_BASIC HTTP Basic authentication. This is the default choice
CURLAUTH_DIGEST HTTP Digest authentication. as defined in RFC 2617
CURLAUTH_DIGEST_IE HTTP Digest authentication with an IE flavor. The IE flavor is simply that libcurl will use a special "quirk" that IE is known to have used before version 7 and that some servers require the client to use.
CURLAUTH_NEGOTIATE HTTP Negotiate (SPNEGO) authentication. as defined in RFC 4559
CURLAUTH_NTLM HTTP NTLM authentication. A proprietary protocol invented and used by Microsoft.
CURLAUTH_NTLM_WB NTLM delegating to winbind helper. Authentication is performed by a separate binary application. see libcurl docs for more info
CURLAUTH_ANY This is a convenience macro that sets all bits and thus makes libcurl pick any it finds suitable. libcurl will automatically select the one it finds most secure.
CURLAUTH_ANYSAFE This is a convenience macro that sets all bits except Basic and thus makes libcurl pick any it finds suitable. libcurl will automatically select the one it finds most secure.
CURLAUTH_ONLY This is a meta symbol. OR this value together with a single specific auth value to force libcurl to probe for un-restricted auth and if not, only that single auth algorithm is acceptable.
// custom auth method
Unirest\Request::proxyAuth('username', 'password', CURLAUTH_DIGEST);

Previous versions of Unirest support Basic Authentication by providing the username and password arguments:

$response = Unirest\Request::get('http://mockbin.com/request', null, null, 'username', 'password');

This has been deprecated, and will be completely removed in v.3.0.0 please use the Unirest\Request::auth() method instead

Cookies

Set a cookie string to specify the contents of a cookie header. Multiple cookies are separated with a semicolon followed by a space (e.g., "fruit=apple; colour=red")

Unirest\Request::cookie($cookie)

Set a cookie file path for enabling cookie reading and storing cookies across multiple sequence of requests.

Unirest\Request::cookieFile($cookieFile)

$cookieFile must be a correct path with write permission.

Request Object

Unirest\Request::get($url, $headers = array(), $parameters = null)
Unirest\Request::post($url, $headers = array(), $body = null)
Unirest\Request::put($url, $headers = array(), $body = null)
Unirest\Request::patch($url, $headers = array(), $body = null)
Unirest\Request::delete($url, $headers = array(), $body = null)

You can send a request with any standard or custom HTTP Method:

Unirest\Request::send(Unirest\Method::LINK, $url, $headers = array(), $body);

Unirest\Request::send('CHECKOUT', $url, $headers = array(), $body);

Response Object

Upon recieving a response Unirest returns the result in the form of an Object, this object should always have the same keys for each language regarding to the response details.

Advanced Configuration

You can set some advanced configuration to tune Unirest-PHP:

Custom JSON Decode Flags

Unirest uses PHP's JSON Extension for automatically decoding JSON responses. sometime you may want to return associative arrays, limit the depth of recursion, or use any of the customization flags.

To do so, simply set the desired options using the jsonOpts request method:

Unirest\Request::jsonOpts(true, 512, JSON_NUMERIC_CHECK & JSON_FORCE_OBJECT & JSON_UNESCAPED_SLASHES);

Timeout

You can set a custom timeout value (in seconds):

Unirest\Request::timeout(5); // 5s timeout

Proxy

Set the proxy to use for the upcoming request.

you can also set the proxy type to be one of CURLPROXY_HTTP, CURLPROXY_HTTP_1_0, CURLPROXY_SOCKS4, CURLPROXY_SOCKS5, CURLPROXY_SOCKS4A, and CURLPROXY_SOCKS5_HOSTNAME.

check the cURL docs for more info.

// quick setup with default port: 1080
Unirest\Request::proxy('10.10.10.1');

// custom port and proxy type
Unirest\Request::proxy('10.10.10.1', 8080, CURLPROXY_HTTP);

// enable tunneling
Unirest\Request::proxy('10.10.10.1', 8080, CURLPROXY_HTTP, true);
Proxy Authenticaton

Passing a username, password (optional), defaults to Basic Authentication:

// basic auth
Unirest\Request::proxyAuth('username', 'password');

The third parameter, which is a bitmask, will Unirest which HTTP authentication method(s) you want it to use for your proxy authentication.

If more than one bit is set, Unirest (at PHP's libcurl level) will first query the site to see what authentication methods it supports and then pick the best one you allow it to use. For some methods, this will induce an extra network round-trip.

See Authentication for more details on methods supported.

// basic auth
Unirest\Request::proxyAuth('username', 'password', CURLAUTH_DIGEST);

Default Request Headers

You can set default headers that will be sent on every request:

Unirest\Request::defaultHeader('Header1', 'Value1');
Unirest\Request::defaultHeader('Header2', 'Value2');

You can set default headers in bulk by passing an array:

Unirest\Request::defaultHeaders(array(
    'Header1' => 'Value1',
    'Header2' => 'Value2'
));

You can clear the default headers anytime with:

Unirest\Request::clearDefaultHeaders();

Default cURL Options

You can set default cURL options that will be sent on every request:

Unirest\Request::curlOpt(CURLOPT_COOKIE, 'foo=bar');

You can set options bulk by passing an array:

Unirest\Request::curlOpts(array(
    CURLOPT_COOKIE => 'foo=bar'
));

You can clear the default options anytime with:

Unirest\Request::clearCurlOpts();

SSL validation

You can explicitly enable or disable SSL certificate validation when consuming an SSL protected endpoint:

Unirest\Request::verifyPeer(false); // Disables SSL cert validation

By default is true.

Utility Methods

// alias for `curl_getinfo`
Unirest\Request::getInfo()

// returns internal cURL handle
Unirest\Request::getCurlHandle()

Made with ♥ from the Mashape team